Noise Suppression Benchmark
This benchmark evaluates how Picovoice Koala compares with the popular Mozilla RNNoise noise suppression engine. Both Koala and RNNoise are lightweight platform-independent SDKs for streams of audio.
Noisy Speech Corpus
We consider the synthetic test set of the first installment of the Microsoft DNS Challenge at Interspeech 2020, consisting of 150 noisy test files and their clean reference files. The original data is mixed at a range of various signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) levels. Furthermore, we investigate the performance at specific SNRs by separating the speech from noise and mix them back together at a custom SNR.
Short-Term Objective Intelligibility
The performance of a Noise Suppression engine can be measured in multiple ways including Mean Opinion Score (MOS) in listening experiments, as well as objective approximations of MOS such as POLQA or PESQ. In order to make the benchmark as easily reproducible as possible, we select the Short Term Objective Intelligibility (STOI) metric that judges the intelligibility on a scale from 0 to 1, where 1 is best.
The real-time factor is the ratio of the pure processing runtime of the Noise Suppression algorithm divided by the length of audio. The smaller this value is, the less resources are required to run the algorithm. For enhancing a stream of audio in real-time, it is important that this factor is well below 1 to avoid buffering while still leaving enough resources for other applications.
Intelligibility score (STOI)
The figure below shows the average performance of each engine on the original pre-mixed dataset.
A more detailed view can be obtained by re-mixing the dataset at a specific noise level:
We measure the run times of both algorithms on an Ubuntu 20.04 machine with Intel CPU(
Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-9400F CPU @
2.90GHz), 64 GB of RAM, and NVMe storage, using a single thread.
For both engines, the real-time factor is independent of the processed data.
The code used to create this benchmark is available on GitHub under the permissive Apache 2.0 license. Detailed instructions for benchmarking individual engines are provided in the following documents: